A key component of the thermal power generation plant is the boiler, which is also called as steam generator. The essence of the thermal power generation plant is to create the steam in boilers or steamers; this steam is send at high pressure to a stationary turbine that generates electricity.
Oct 22, 2016 · Operation of boiler equipment design in Coal based Power Plant.
Thermal power is supplied by a fuel to a boiler. Boilers are used in power plants in order to produce high pressured steam, so that the plant can generate electricity. The process that does this is known as the Rankine cycle. The boiler takes in energy from some form of fuel such as coal, natural gas, or nuclear fuel to heat water into steam.
To enhance the thermal efficiency of the plant, the coal is used in the boiler in its pulverized form. In coal fired thermal power plant, steam is obtained in very high pressure inside the steam boiler by burning the pulverized coal. This steam is then super heated in the super heater to extreme high.
For a given power plant, heat rate depends on the plant’s design, its operating conditions, and its level of electric power output. In theory, 3,412 Btu of thermal energy is equivalent to 1 kWh
In short, lower Btu coal will increase the pounds of coal to be handled and when the variations are large enough we can expect a reduction in boiler capacity. Higher Btu coal seldom gives any pro- blems in boiler operation or performance. See Figure 1 for typical heating values of various coals found in the United States.
The steam generator or boiler is an integral component of a steam engine when considered as a prime mover. However it needs to be treated separately, as to some extent a variety of generator types can be combined with a variety of engine units. A boiler incorporates a firebox or furnace in order to burn the fuel and generate heat.
The heat from combustion of the coal boils water in the boiler to produce steam. In modern power plant, boilers produce steam at a high pressure and temperature. The steam is then piped to a turbine. The high pressure steam impinges and expands across a number of sets of blades in the turbine.
A coal based thermal power plant converts the chemical energy of the coal into electrical energy. This is achieved by raising the steam in the boilers, expanding it through the turbine and coupling the turbines to the generators which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.
Boiler in a power plant has two functions. The Combustion system converts energy in coal to Heat. Water and steam system converts the heat to steam at high pressures and temperatures. This series explains the working of the boiler in modern power plant.